The line graph below shows the population size, birth rate and the death rate of England and Wales from 1700 to 2000. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.



-[Harpreet singh Dhillon]
 


The given line graph illustrates the information about the population size, and also
compares the birth and mortality rate of England and Wales for a period of 300 years starting
1700. It is evident that the population showed an upward trend, whereas death and birth
rate showed a fluctuating trend. 


The death and the birth rates followed a similar trend from 1700-1950. From 1700-1750, an
increase was seen in both these, with the birth rate rising from 30 to 40 births per 1000 people
and the death rate increasing from 27 to 37 per 1000 people. There was stability in both for
the next 50 years, after which there was a sharp fall with both rates reaching an all time low
of around 20 per thousand people by 1950. In between, from 1850 to 1900, birth and death
rate again showed a leveling off. From 1950 to 2000, the death rate remained stable. In
contrast, the birth rate increased dramatically, from 22 to 35 births per 1000 people.
 

The three centuries saw a dramatic escalation in population from 2.5 million in 1700 to 50
million in 2000, with a short period of stability from 1750-1800.

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